Coffee is termed as a brewed beverage which is formed by roasting seeds of specific evergreen shrubs known as coffea. Amongst all of the sources of coffee, the most common source of coffee beans are Coffea Arabica and coffee Robusta. Robusta is bit resistant to coffee leaf rust but is considered to be more bitter in taste than other coffees. Worldwide more than 70 countries cultivate coffee and primarily equatorial countries like Africa, Latin America and south-east Asia, largely grow coffee. The process of coffee making is pretty systematic. Once the coffee berries are ripe, they are picked, processed and dried to yield seeds inside. The seeds acquired are then roasted at different temperatures, depending on the flavour of the seeds. The resulting product is grounded and brewed to create coffee. Coffee was first cultivated in southern Arabia. Historians believe that first traces of coffee appeared in the middle of 15th century in the Sufi shrines of Yemen. In Yemen and east Africa, coffee was used as a native religious ceremonial beverage. Though being popular amongst many ancient cultures, consumption of coffee was banned in many countries for many reasons. In turkey, coffee was banned in 17th century majorly for political reasons. In Europe it was associated with rebellious political activities. Coffee is considered to be an important exported commodity for many countries. In 2004, coffee was the largest agricultural export and in 2005, it was considered to be the most traded agricultural commodities in the world. Meanwhile some environmentalist also believe that coffee cultivation has negative impact on the environment and organic coffee is gaining popularity.
Coffee is one of the most popular drink in the world. Coffee festivals throughout the world are organised throughout the world and millions of participants and coffee enthusiasts take part in it. Coffee vendors participate in these festivals presenting their best coffees to attract more and more people. These festivals last for a specific time, some are an event for a day, some for two days and some for a week. United States of America is filled with coffee with enthusiasts and every year coffee festivals are organised throughout the country. Best coffee festival in New York City usually takes place every year and coffee lovers across the country participate in this festival. Some of the best coffees in Los Angeles are showcased and offered to people. The best coffee amongst all others wins the best coffee award. This award is considered to be one of the most reputed award in the cafe business. Modern lifestyle and professional work load has led people to intake more coffee in order to work efficiently and be active. Coffee enthusiasts love coffees depending upon their taste and preferences. In United States of America most people like to drink coffee in its black raw form.